Although there has been a slight decline in pessimism since the previous wave, overall pessimism and anger continue to be the top emotions that best describe Canadians’ feelings of the federal government. Feelings of optimism and satisfaction have been on the rise among younger Canadians (18-34) since June 2022, while feelings of satisfaction have slightly increased among those 35 to 54 years of age.

Nanos conducted an RDD dual frame (land- and cell-lines) hybrid telephone and online random survey of 1,021 Canadians, 18 years of age or older, between December 19th to 22nd, 2022 as part of an omnibus survey. Participants were randomly recruited by telephone using live agents and administered a survey online. The results were statistically checked and weighted by age and gender using the latest Census information and the sample is geographically stratified to be representative of Canada.

Individuals were randomly called using random digit dialing with a maximum of five call backs.

The margin of error for a random survey of 1,021 Canadians is ±3.1 percentage points, 19 times out of 20.

The research was commissioned and conducted by Nanos Research.

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